Virtualization, technology, and random rantings with a focus on Citrix and VMware.

Category: PowerShell Page 1 of 4

Getting Reliability Monitor Info Remotely

Sometimes you just want to pull a quick check of Reliability Monitor remotely. Easy to do!

Get-WmiObject Win32_ReliabilityRecords -ComputerName machineIP -Property Message | Select-Object -first 10 Message | Format-List *

When You Add A Cloud Connector, Don’t Forget The Cert Bind!

When you need to add another cloud connector, it’s really easy to forget a step or two since you don’t necessarily do it all the time. But don’t forget to add it to the STA list on the your Citrix Gateway on Netcaler and as a Delivery Controller on your Storefront servers. But…. Rather important if you are using HTTPS (which you should be), to make sure and have a cert on the Cloud Connector (server /client) and bind it using the script below. Since IIS isn’t installed on the Cloud Connectors, this is how you can do it! Article below has screenshots of getting cert and App ID. This is for after you already have gotten App ID and the certificate installed. Also, certificates expire, so you will have to get new certs when they expire and bind them the same way. I added the $beforeCertificateBind and $afterCertificateBind so you have an output of what was there before and after. You can get the App ID by following the link: Enable SSL

$beforeCertificateBind = (& C:\Windows\System32\netsh.exe http Show sslcert)
$beforeCertificateBind

# Confirm AppID.
$appID   = "12345678-1234-1234-1234-1234567890AB"
$getHash = (Get-ChildItem -path cert:\LocalMachine\My | Where-Object Subject -Match "$env:COMPUTERNAME" | Select-Object Thumbprint).Thumbprint

& C:\Windows\System32\netsh.exe http add sslcert ipport=0.0.0.0:443 certhash=$getHash appid=`{$appID`}

$afterCertificateBind = (& C:\Windows\System32\netsh.exe http Show sslcert)
$afterCertificateBind

Quick Function To Find User VDI

Sometimes you need to find a user’s VDI machine to work on it. This function will do that for you. I typically use the last name as the search to limit the scope of the machines found. It will find all machines that contain any part of the string you enter. It also shows the MachineName which includes the domain\machinename to help locate the user machine. You can add other parameters such as AgentVersion if desired. I limited the scope to not include floating pool (Random) assigned machines. For a list of all fields of Get-BrokerMachine that can be selected in the function with Select-Object, please see this link: Get-BrokerMachine Options

# Requires being connected to Citrix Cloud with DaaS SDK. 
Function Get-VDI {
    [cmdletbinding()]
    Param(
        [Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory, ValueFromPipeline, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName)]
        [string]$VDIUserName
    )
   
    Process {
       $userToFind = '*' + $VDIUserName + '*'
       $getVDIs = Get-BrokerMachine -MaxRecordCount 100000 | Where-Object SessionSupport -eq "SingleSession" | Where-Object AllocationType -eq "Static" | Where-Object AssociatedUserNames -like "$userToFind" | Select-Object AssociatedUserNames, MachineName, RegistrationState, InMaintenanceMode, SessionCount
    }
    End {
        $getVDIs
    }
}
Example with user that has 4 desktops assigned.

Also to make it is easy for the day to day, you can add this to your profile with notepad $profile and copy and paste it there and reload.

Get User Info From Email Address

If you sometimes have to find a user list and get group memberships, it can be a chore. It doesn’t have to be. You too can experience a scripted approach to getting that data. This will search the AD Forest’s sub domains that you have rights to at least read to get user memberships that follow a specific pattern. Very useful when you have one domain for groups and users from many domains. Universal groups are great for that. You just need to populate the referenced “useremail.txt” file with user email addresses and deleting any white space in the file. You can also get additional information in the report by adding in the “line = “” | Select-Object” and adding additional fields and then matching the name designated with the “line.Fields = syntax.”

# Script to search domains in forest for users via user email address. You could also search via UPN by replacing EmailAddress with UserPrincipalName.
# This requires AD module, read rights to forest / domains, and user group pattern. Ran with ISE and tested on desktop / server platforms. This also uses
# the global catalog lookup as seen referenced by Get-ADUser -server domain:3268. Assistance from Notesofascripter.com in making this.
$debug      = $true
$domains    = (Get-ADForest).Domains
$date       = Get-Date -Format MMddyy
$userExists = ""
$reportName = "nameofreport.csv"
$report     = @()

$emailList  = Get-Content -Path "c:\scripts\logs\useremail.txt"

$emailSam   =  foreach($user in $emailList) {
    (Get-ADUser -server domain:3268 -f {EmailAddress -eq $user}).SamAccountName
  }

$users      = $emailSam

foreach ($domain in $domains){
    if ($debug){Write-Host $domain -ForegroundColor Cyan}
    foreach ($user in $users) {
        Try{
            $userExists = Get-ADUser $user -Server $domain -ErrorAction Stop
        }
        Catch {
            if ($debug){Write-Host "$user not found in $domain" -BackgroundColor yellow -ForegroundColor black}
            $userExists = $null
            Continue
        }
        if ($userExists -ne $null){
            if ($debug){ Write-Host "Found $user in $domain domain" -BackgroundColor Cyan -ForegroundColor Black}
            $group = $userExists | Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership | Where-Object Name -like "GroupNamePattern*" -ErrorAction Stop
            $line          = "" | Select-Object Name, Domain, RealName, Group
            $line.Name     = $user
            $line.Domain   = $domain
            $line.RealName = $userExists.name
            $line.Group    = $group.name -join "; "
            if ($debug){ $line }
            $report       += $line
            $users         = $users -ne $user
            
        }
    }
}

$report | Export-Csv "c:\scripts\logs\$date-$reportName" -Append -NoTypeInformation

When Trouble Comes Along, You Must Skip It! : Using -Skip With Select-Object And Do Loop

While working on the script to release licenses, I ran into a dilemma I had encountered before. I needed to move through a set of records in an array, but not the whole array at one time. Since I was limited to 100 licenses released per Invoke-RestMethod, I needed a way to do that without having to call it multiple times. I had also encountered this at other times and usually resorted to just doing the call multiple times and limiting my results to the number I wanted to iterate through. I didn’t think that was efficient and wanted to find a better way. So in looking around, I found this site: ResultSize. Using that wonderful -Skip, I just added that to a Do .. Until loop to get where I wanted to go.

So applying what I wanted to do was 100 records at a time, I set my $toSkip counter to 0 to start and the $smallerCount set to the value of the $someArray.count size inside the If check just before the Do loop. After each loop, I would increment the $toSkip and decrement the $smallerCounter by the same amount and set the Until condition to be less that the increment / decrement amount. Then I copied the same code for after the Until condition is met to run one more time with the amount of objects remaining in the array. For example, if it had 435 items in it, it would run 4 times with 100 items each time and one last time with 35 items in it.

$someArray = "lots", "of", "stuff", "here"

if($someArray.count -gt 100){

$smallerCounter = $someArray.Count
$toSkip = 0

Do{

$smallerList = $someArray | Select-Object -Skip $toSkip -first 100

foreach($small in $smallerList){

Do Stuff

}

$toSkip += 100
$smallerCounter -= 100

} Until ($smallerCounter -lt 100)

$smallerList = $someArray | Select-Object -Skip $toSkip -first $smallerCounter

foreach($small in $smallerList){

Do Stuff

}

}

Get That Outta Here! : Releasing Citrix Cloud User Licenses Via API In Accordance With Citrix EULA

*Update. Changes made due to API only allowing 100 licenses to be released at one time.*

Building on getting the licenses on the last post, how about a way to release them? Obviously you will need to follow the guidelines laid out by Citrix EULA on when you can release licenses: Citrix License Usage.

You do have the option to use the console in Citrix Cloud, but if you prefer to do things via script, you can do that as well!

Important note to make…. The format of the consumerList is what presented the biggest issue. With a bit of assistance from a teammate, it was possible to get the proper way to format the data.

This is the format to have the data in:

Link to developer API document

You’ll notice the consumerList = @() in there. It is expecting to have an array of consumerList be passed to it. If you do not format this way, you will get invalid character errors.

Example of format that will fail all so miserably and give you that wonderful invalid character error:

This is an example of the output that will work and prevent frustration:

Example with five of users:

Example of result of successful release of 5 users:

# Script to release licenses from Citrix Cloud. Tested with PowerShell ISE. Also requires secure-client.csv with ID, Secret, and CustomerID in CSV to pass to Citrix Cloud.
# This must be used in accordance with Citrix EULA for users not having accessed in 30+ day period. Example below is targeting where users that have not logged in over 60 days.
# This will report on what users are in that group over 60 days. You can do a quick check using $releaseUsers.count before doing the release to see how many licenses will be released.
# ALWAYS check the exported report of users before releasing to make sure you are releasing the licenses you are expecting to.


$date           = (Get-Date).AddDays(-60)
$creds          = Import-Csv "c:\scripts\secure-client.csv"
$CLIENT_ID      = $creds.ID
$CLIENT_SECRET  = $creds.Secret
$CUSTOMER_ID    = $creds.CustomerID
$tokenUrl       = 'https://api-us.cloud.com/cctrustoauth2/root/tokens/clients'
$reportName     = "user-license-toRelease.csv"
$getDate        = Get-Date -Format MMddyyyy
$reportLocation = "C:\scripts\logs"


$response       = Invoke-WebRequest $tokenUrl -Method POST -Body @{
  grant_type    = "client_credentials"
  client_id     = $CLIENT_ID
  client_secret = $CLIENT_SECRET
}

$token = $response.Content | ConvertFrom-Json

$headers              = @{
  Accept              = "application/json"
  Authorization       = "CwsAuth Bearer=$($token.access_token)"
  'Citrix-CustomerId' = $CUSTOMER_ID
 }
 
 
$resourceLocUrl = "https://api-us.cloud.com/catalogservice/$CUSTOMER_ID/sites"
$response       = Invoke-WebRequest $resourceLocUrl -Headers $headers
$content        = $response.Content | ConvertFrom-Json
$siteID         = $content.sites.id

$headers              = @{
  Accept              = "application/json"
  Authorization       = "CwsAuth Bearer=$($token.access_token)"
  'Citrix-CustomerId' = $CUSTOMER_ID
  'Citrix-InstanceId' = $siteID
 }

$consumerList = Invoke-RestMethod "https://api-us.cloud.com/licensing/license/enterprise/cloud/cvad/ud/users" -Method GET -Headers $headers | Select-Object consumerList -ExpandProperty consumerList -ExcludeProperty consumerList
$releaseUsers = $consumerList | Where-Object {[DateTime]$_.latestLogonTime -lt $date} 
$releaseUsers | Export-Csv "$reportLocation\$getDate-$reportName" -Append -NoTypeInformation


if($releaseUsers.count -gt 100){

$smallerCounter = $releaseUsers.Count
$toSkip = 0

Do{

$smallerList = $releaseUsers | Select-Object -Skip $toSkip -first 100

$body = @{
    productEdition = "XAXDFull"
    licenseType    = "user"
    consumerList   = @(
        $smallerList.consumerId
    )
} | ConvertTo-Json


Invoke-RestMethod "https://api-us.cloud.com/licensing/license/enterprise/cloud/cvad/ud/licenserelease" -Method POST -Body $body -Headers $headers -ContentType 'application/json'


$toSkip += 100
$smallerCounter -= 100

} Until ($smallerCounter -lt 100)

$smallerList = $releaseUsers | Select-Object -Skip $toSkip -first $smallerCounter

$body = @{
    productEdition = "XAXDFull"
    licenseType    = "user"
    consumerList   = @(
        $smallerList.consumerId
    )
} | ConvertTo-Json


Invoke-RestMethod "https://api-us.cloud.com/licensing/license/enterprise/cloud/cvad/ud/licenserelease" -Method POST -Body $body -Headers $headers -ContentType 'application/json'

}

Updated VDA Install / Upgrade / RDS Install / Desktop / Server / App Install Script

I have been working on updating the VDA install / upgrade script and combining the app install script and getting it all in one script. This will now check for .NET version (for prerequisite of 2203LTSR), upgrade if necessary, and then install / upgrade VDA. This will also check if RDS role is installed on server for a new build, and if not, it will install it and kick off application installs. Install switches past 2203CU2 are different, so please refer to CTX article on proper install switches for newer versions. Just make the changes to the install batch files with the appropriate switches. This will also check against OS types and copy the appropriate VDA / install scripts based on if it is server OS or desktop OS detected. Link below for the older version and for configuring Citrix Cloud connection profile.

# Script to check for .NET 4.8 and install if not installed as well as checking for OS Type to determine which version to install for VDA Upgrade / Install. This will also check if RDS is installed on server OS and install role if not installed.
# This will also run a baseinstall script that will install applications outlined in the batch file. This requires PowerShell, the DaaS SDK, connection to vCenter, and a profile defined as "default" for the Citrix Cloud connection.
# This will also snapshot the server / desktop if running vCenter. This also requires admin access to the target machines as well as firewall access / remote PowerShell enabled. You will need to run ISE as admin.

asnp Citrix*

$VDIList            = Get-Content "C:\scripts\logs\vdaupgrade.txt"
$source             = "fileshare.fqdn\vdaupgrade"
$dest               = "c$\software\vdaupgrade"
$serverInstallFile  = "install_server.bat"
$serverRemoveFile   = "remove_server.bat"
$desktopInstallFile = "install_desktop.bat"
$desktopRemoveFile  = "remove_desktop.bat"
$VDAFileServer      = "VDAServerSetup_2203_2000.exe"
$VDAFileDesktop     = "VDAWorkstationSetup_2203_2000.exe"
$vcenter            = "vCenter.fqdn"
$dotNetSource       = "fileshare.fqdn\DotNET-48"
$dotNetInstall      = "ndp48-x86-x64-allos-enu.exe"
$date               = Get-Date -Format MMddyyyy
$totalItems         = $VDIList.Count
$currentItem        = 0
$percentComplete    = 0
$report             = @()

if($global:defaultviserver -eq $null){

  Connect-VIServer $vcenter

}

if($GLOBAL:XDSDKProxy -eq $null){

  Get-XDAuthentication -ProfileName "default"

}


  foreach ($VDI in $VDIList) {
    Write-Progress -Activity "Starting on $VDI" -Status "$percentComplete% Complete:" -PercentComplete $percentComplete
    $line                       = "" | Select-Object Name, PreviousVersion, SnapShot
      
    $VDI1                       = ($VDI.Split('.')[0])
    $line.Name                  = "$VDI"
    $line.PreviousVersion       = (Get-BrokerMachine -HostedMachineName $VDI1 | Select-Object AgentVersion).AgentVersion
    $snapshot                   = (Get-VM $VDI1 | New-Snapshot -name $date-$VDI1-preupgrade)
    $line.SnapShot              = (Get-VM $VDI1 | Get-Snapshot).Name
    
    $dotnetTest                 = Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -ScriptBlock {Get-ChildItem 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP\v4\Client' | Get-ItemProperty -name Version}
    $dotnetVersion              = $dotnetTest.Version
    [System.Version]$testResult = $dotnetVersion
    
    if($testResult.Major -eq 4 -and $testResult.Minor -lt 8){

  
      Write-Host "Copying and installing .NET 4.8 on $VDI"
      if (!(Test-Path -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software\vdaupgrade")) {
        New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software" -Name "vdaupgrade"
        Copy-Item "\\$dotNetSource\$dotNetInstall" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
        
      }
      else {
        Copy-Item "\\$dotNetSource\$dotNetInstall" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
       
       }

      $session       = New-PsSession -ComputerName $VDI
      $remoteSession = Invoke-Command -ScriptBlock {Start-Process -FilePath "c:\software\vdaupgrade\ndp48-x86-x64-allos-enu.exe" -ArgumentList @("/q")  -wait -Verb RunAs} -Session $session
  
      Remove-PSSession -Id $session.id
    
      Start-Sleep -s 30
      Do {Start-Sleep -s 15}
      Until ((Test-NetConnection -ComputerName $VDI -Port 445).TcpTestSucceeded -eq $true)
      Do {Start-Sleep -s 5}
      Until ((Get-Service -ComputerName $VDI -Name 'TermService').Status -eq "Running")
      Write-Host "$VDI back up"  
    }
  
    
    $wmiOSTypeCheck  = Get-WmiObject -ComputerName $VDI -Class Win32_OperatingSystem | Where {$_.Primary -eq $true}
    
      if($wmiOSTypeCheck.ProductType -eq 3){
        $installFile = "$serverInstallFile"
        $removeFile  = "$serverRemoveFile"
        $VDAFile     = "$VDAFileServer"
        
        $rdsCheck = (Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDIList -ScriptBlock {Get-WindowsFeature | Where-Object Name -like "rds-rd-server" | Select-Object InstallState })
        
        if($rdsCheck.InstallState.value -eq "Available") {
          Write-Host "RDS not installed. Installing RDS role on $VDI"
          Copy-Item "\\$source\baseinstall.bat" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          
          if (!(Test-Path -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software\vdaupgrade")) {
            New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software" -Name "vdaupgrade"
            Copy-Item "\\$source\$installFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
            Copy-Item "\\$source\$removeFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
            Copy-Item "\\$source\$VDAFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
            
          }
          else {
            Copy-Item "\\$source\$installFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
            Copy-Item "\\$source\$removeFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
            Copy-Item "\\$source\$VDAFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
            
          }
          Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -Scriptblock {
            $action = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'c:\software\vdaupgrade\install_server.bat'
            $trigger = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -AtStartup 
            $principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal  -RunLevel Highest -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType S4U
            $taskName = "VDAInstall"
            $taskDescription = "Citrix VDA Install"

            Register-ScheduledTask -Action $action -Trigger $trigger -Principal $principal -TaskName $taskName -Description $taskDescription
          }
        
          Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -Scriptblock {
            $time = (Get-Date).AddMinutes(7)
            $action = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'c:\software\vdaupgrade\baseinstall.bat'
            $trigger = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -Once -At $time
            $principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal  -RunLevel Highest -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType S4U
            $taskName = "BaseInstall"
            $taskDescription = "Base Software Install"

            Register-ScheduledTask -Action $action -Trigger $trigger -Principal $principal -TaskName $taskName -Description $taskDescription 
          }
          
          Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -ScriptBlock {
            Add-WindowsFeature rds-rd-server
            Restart-computer
          }
        }
        Write-Host "Copying VDA files and installing on server $VDI"
        if (!(Test-Path -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software\vdaupgrade")) {
          New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software" -Name "vdaupgrade"
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$installFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$removeFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$VDAFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          
        }
        else {
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$installFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$removeFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$VDAFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
        }
        
        Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -Scriptblock {
          $time      = (Get-Date).AddMinutes(3)
          $action    = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'c:\software\vdaupgrade\remove_server.bat'
          $trigger   = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -Once -At $time
          $principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal  -RunLevel Highest -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType S4U

          Register-ScheduledTask -Action $action -Trigger $trigger -Principal $principal -TaskName "VDAUninstall" -Description "Citrix VDA Uninstall" 
        }

        Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -Scriptblock {
          $action    = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'c:\software\vdaupgrade\install_server.bat'
          $trigger   = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -AtStartup 
          $principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal  -RunLevel Highest -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType S4U

          Register-ScheduledTask -Action $action -Trigger $trigger -Principal $principal -TaskName "VDAInstall" -Description "Citrix VDA Install" 

        } 
      
      }
      if($wmiOSTypeCheck.ProductType -eq 1){
        $installFile = "$desktopInstallFile"
        $removeFile  = "$desktopRemoveFile"
        $VDAFile     = "$VDAFileDesktop"

        Write-Host "Copying VDA files and installing on desktop $VDI"
        if (!(Test-Path -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software\vdaupgrade")) {
          New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path "\\$VDI\c$\software" -Name "vdaupgrade"
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$installFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$removeFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$VDAFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          
        }
        else {
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$installFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$removeFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          Copy-Item "\\$source\$VDAFile" -Destination "\\$VDI\$dest" -Force
          
        }
        Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -Scriptblock {
          $time      = (Get-Date).AddMinutes(3)
          $action    = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'c:\software\vdaupgrade\remove_desktop.bat'
          $trigger   = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -Once -At $time
          $principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal  -RunLevel Highest -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType S4U

          Register-ScheduledTask -Action $action -Trigger $trigger -Principal $principal -TaskName "VDAUninstall" -Description "Citrix VDA Uninstall" 
        }

        Invoke-Command -ComputerName $VDI -Scriptblock {
          $action    = New-ScheduledTaskAction -Execute 'c:\software\vdaupgrade\install_desktop.bat'
          $trigger   = New-ScheduledTaskTrigger -AtStartup 
          $principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal  -RunLevel Highest -UserID "NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM" -LogonType S4U

          Register-ScheduledTask -Action $action -Trigger $trigger -Principal $principal -TaskName "VDAInstall" -Description "Citrix VDA Install" 

        } 
      }
    
    $currentItem++
    $percentComplete = [int](($currentItem / $totalItems) * 100)
    
    $report += $line
    Start-Sleep -Milliseconds 2500
  }
      
  $report | Export-Csv c:\scripts\logs\$date-vda-upgrades.csv -Append -NoTypeInformation




VDAUpgrade.txt

machine1.fqdn
machine2.fqdn
machine3.fqdn

BaseInstall.bat

baseinstall.bat
  
@ECHO ON
change user /install
REM pause
timeout 5
 
net localgroup "Remote Desktop Users" /add "domain1\domain users" "domain2\domain users"
REM pause
timeout 5
 
REG IMPORT C:\software\mode.reg
REM pause
timeout 5
 
C:\software\AcrobatRdrDC\setup.exe /sAll /ini Setup.ini
REM pause
timeout 10
 
cd C:\software\MS-Edge
powershell -File ".\Install-Edge.ps1" -MSIName "MicrosoftEdgeEnterpriseX64.msi" -ChannelID "{56eb18f8-b008-4cbd-b6d2-8c97fe7e9062}" -DoAutoUpdate "True"
REM pause
timeout 5
 
msiexec.exe /i "C:\software\Google-Chrome\64B\GoogleChromeStandaloneEnterprise64.msi" /qn
REM pause
timeout 5
 
C:\software\Office\setup.exe /config .\ProPlus.WW\config.xml /adminfile CITRIX.MSP
REM pause
timeout 10
 
change user /execute
REM pause
timeout 5
 
C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe /delete /tn BaseInstall /f
C:\Windows\System32\timeout.exe /t 5
C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe /r /t 20 /f
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\baseinstall.bat /F

Install-Edge.ps1

Install-Edge.ps1
param
(
    [parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
    [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
    [ValidatePattern('^[a-zA-Z0-9]+.[m|M][s|S][i|I]$')]
    [string]$MSIName,
         
    [parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
    [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
    [ValidatePattern('^{[0-9A-Fa-f]{8}[-][0-9A-Fa-f]{4}[-][0-9A-Fa-f]{4}[-][0-9A-Fa-f]{4}[-][0-9A-Fa-f]{12}}$')]
    [string]$ChannelID,
 
    [parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
    [ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
    [string]$DoAutoUpdate
)
 
# See if autoupdate is false
if($DoAutoUpdate -eq $false)
{   
    # Registry value name is in the format "Update<{ChannelID}> where ChannelID is the GUID
    Set-Variable -Name "AutoUpdateValueName" -Value "Update$ChannelID" -Option Constant
    Set-Variable -Name "RegistryPath" -Value "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\EdgeUpdate" -Option Constant
 
    # Test if the registry key exists. If it doesn't, create it
    $EdgeUpdateRegKeyExists = Test-Path -Path $RegistryPath
 
    if (!$EdgeUpdateRegKeyExists)
    {
        New-Item -Path $RegistryPath
    }
 
    # See if the autoupdate value exists
    if (!(Get-ItemProperty -Path $RegistryPath -Name $AutoUpdateValueName -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue))
    {
        New-ItemProperty -Path $RegistryPath -Name $AutoUpdateValueName -Value 0 -PropertyType DWord
    }
 
   $AutoupdateValue = (Get-ItemProperty -Path $RegistryPath -Name $AutoUpdateValueName).$AutoUpdateValueName
 
   # If the value is not set to 0, auto update is not turned off, this is a failure
    if ($AutoupdateValue -ne 0)
    {
        Write-Host "Autoupdate value set incorrectly"
        return -1
    }
}
# Install the Edge MSI
return (Start-Process msiexec.exe -Wait -PassThru -ArgumentList "/i $MSIName /q").ExitCode

Install_Server.bat

REM change port number in below command.
REM Use citrix vda command line helper tool from citrix. https://support.citrix.com/article/CTX234824 if needed
REM Install new VDA agent, delete files and scheduled tasks. Finally reboot.

C:\software\vdaupgrade\VDAServerSetup_2203_2000.exe /components VDA /controllers "CloudConnector1 CloudConnector2" /noreboot /quiet /disableexperiencemetrics /enable_remote_assistance /enable_real_time_transport /enable_hdx_ports /enable_hdx_udp_ports /remove_pvd_ack /virtualmachine /masterpvsimage /includeadditional "Citrix Personalization for App-V - VDA","Citrix Profile Management","Citrix Profile Management WMI Plug-in","Citrix Telemetry Service","Citrix Supportability Tools" /exclude "Citrix Backup and Restore","Citrix MCS IODriver","Citrix Rendezvous V2","Citrix VDA Upgrade Agent","Machine Identity Service","User personalization layer","AppDisks VDA Plug-in","Citrix Files for Outlook","Citrix Files for Windows","Personal vDisk"
C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe /delete /tn VDAInstall /f
C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe /delete /tn VDAUninstall /f
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\remove.bat /F
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\VDAServerSetup_2203_2000.exe /F
C:\Windows\System32\timeout.exe /t 5
C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe /r /t 20 /f
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\install.bat /F

Install_Workstation.bat

REM change port number in below command.
REM Use citrix vda command line helper tool from citrix. https://support.citrix.com/article/CTX234824 if needed
REM Install new VDA agent, delete files and scheduled tasks. Finally reboot.

C:\software\vdaupgrade\VDAWorkstationSetup_2203_2000.exe /components VDA /controllers "CloudConnector1 CloudConnector2" /noreboot /quiet /disableexperiencemetrics /enable_remote_assistance /enable_real_time_transport /enable_hdx_ports /enable_hdx_udp_ports /remove_pvd_ack /virtualmachine /masterpvsimage /includeadditional "Citrix Personalization for App-V - VDA","Citrix Profile Management","Citrix Profile Management WMI Plug-in","Citrix Telemetry Service","Citrix Supportability Tools" /exclude "Citrix Backup and Restore","Citrix MCS IODriver","Citrix Rendezvous V2","Citrix VDA Upgrade Agent","Machine Identity Service","User personalization layer","AppDisks VDA Plug-in","Citrix Files for Outlook","Citrix Files for Windows","Personal vDisk"
C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe /delete /tn VDAInstall /f
C:\Windows\system32\schtasks.exe /delete /tn VDAUninstall /f
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\remove.bat /F
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\VDAWorkstationSetup_2203_2000.exe /F
C:\Windows\System32\timeout.exe /t 5
C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe /r /t 20 /f
del c:\software\vdaupgrade\install.bat /F

Remove_Server.bat

"C:\Program Files\Citrix\XenDesktopVdaSetup\XenDesktopVdaSetup.exe" /REMOVEALL /QUIET /NOREBOOT
C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe /r /t 5 /f

Remove_Workstation.bat

"C:\Program Files\Citrix\XenDesktopVdaSetup\XenDesktopVdaSetup.exe" /REMOVEALL /QUIET /NOREBOOT
C:\Windows\System32\shutdown.exe /r /t 5 /f

Mode.reg

mode.reg
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
 
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\RCM\Licensing Core]
"LicensingMode"=dword:00000004

Link to previous VDA / App Install article: VDA And App Install

Link to setup authentication profile for Citrix Cloud: Profile Setup

License Please! : Get Licensed Users From Citrix Cloud

So you want to find out what licenses are in use? Maybe you want to know licenses that are checked out that might be over 30 days since that user logged in. Maybe you want to know for longer periods of time. You can get this from the Citrix Cloud console. You can also get it another way. And you can filter down to based on if it has been a period of time since the user accessed. This example gets all users then filters down to the latestLogonTime of older than 30 days.

# Script to get license use from Citrix Cloud. Tested with Powershell ISE. Also requires secure-client.csv with ID, Secret, and CustomerID in CSV to pass to Citrix Cloud.
# This creates a csv with the consumerID, deviceCount, consumerDisplayName, latestLogonTime, and firstLogonTime.
<# All fields available:
consumerId          : user@company.com
consumerDisplayName : user
deviceCount         : 0
userId              : user@company.com
upn                 : user@company.com
userName            : user
domain              : domain
latestLogonTime     : UTC Time
firstLogonTime      : UTC Time

#>
$date           = Get-Date
$olderThan      = $date.AddDays(-30)
$creds          = Import-Csv "c:\scripts\secure-client.csv"
$CLIENT_ID      = $creds.ID
$CLIENT_SECRET  = $creds.Secret
$CUSTOMER_ID    = $creds.CustomerID
$tokenUrl       = 'https://api-us.cloud.com/cctrustoauth2/root/tokens/clients'
$reportName     = "user-license-use.csv"
$getDate        = Get-Date -Format MMddyyyy
$reportLocation = "C:\scripts\logs"
$output         = @()
$searchOutput   = @()


$response       = Invoke-WebRequest $tokenUrl -Method POST -Body @{
  grant_type    = "client_credentials"
  client_id     = $CLIENT_ID
  client_secret = $CLIENT_SECRET
}

$token = $response.Content | ConvertFrom-Json

$headers              = @{
  Accept              = "application/json"
  Authorization       = "CwsAuth Bearer=$($token.access_token)"
  'Citrix-CustomerId' = $CUSTOMER_ID
 }
 
 
$resourceLocUrl = "https://api-us.cloud.com/catalogservice/$CUSTOMER_ID/sites"
$response       = Invoke-WebRequest $resourceLocUrl -Headers $headers
$content        = $response.Content | ConvertFrom-Json
$siteID         = $content.sites.id

$headers              = @{
  Accept              = "application/json"
  Authorization       = "CwsAuth Bearer=$($token.access_token)"
  'Citrix-CustomerId' = $CUSTOMER_ID
  'Citrix-InstanceId' = $siteID
 }


$response = Invoke-RestMethod "https://api-us.cloud.com/licensing/license/enterprise/cloud/cvad/ud/users" -Method 'GET' -Headers $headers

$output = $response.consumerList

foreach($out in $output){
    $line                     = "" | Select-Object consumerId, deviceCount, consumerDisplayName, latestLogonTime, firstLogonTime
        
    $line.consumerId          = $out.consumerId
    $line.deviceCount         = $out.deviceCount
    $line.consumerDisplayName = $out.consumerDisplayName
    $line.latestLogonTime     = ([DateTime]$out.latestLogonTime)
    $line.firstLogonTime      = ([DateTime]$out.firstLogonTime)

    $searchOutput += $line
}


$searchOutput | Where-Object latestLogonTime -lt $olderThan| Export-Csv "$reportLocation\$getDate-$reportName" -Append -NoTypeInformation

Want To Update That HTML5 Workspace App? How About A Script! : Scripted Update HTML5 Workspace App

So you see that the HTML5 Workspace App updates pretty regularly. That’s a great thing! How about you may have several StoreFront servers. You want to do that manually EVERY time? Of course not! Here is a script that will do that for you! You will also need to go get this function from github that makes this work. The piece of resistance one could say! It lets you get the file version details metadata.

While trying to figure out how to target the HTML5 Workspace App version, I did not see it in registry or in Add/Remove Programs. So I was checking the location of the files to see what I could find. I ended up checking C:\Program Files\Citrix\Receiver StoreFront\HTML5Client and found a file SRI.js that had citrixHTML5Launcher version. I figured I could just check that file and get the version number as it reflected the correct version I had installed previously. I did an upgrade to check if that showed the correct version after the upgrade, and it did. Also found out that once you install it, you cannot go to an earlier version, so be sure to snapshot if you want to do some testing with versions.

Here is the link to the function by Lukas Wohrl that allowed me to get the file version from install file. Get-FileMetaData

Below is the script to do the upgrade:

# Script to check version of CitrixHTML5Client on StoreFront servers, copy upgrade file to upgrade folder, install upgrade, based on version detected.
# You will need the function Get-FileMetaData from https://gist.github.com/woehrl01/5f50cb311f3ec711f6c776b2cb09c34e. This allows you to get the file version and convert to
# [System.Version] type to compare. You will also need to have access to the StoreFront servers as admin to be able run invoke commands and if you need to snapshot, access to your hypervisor. Format for txt file is server.fqdn.

$creds                         = Get-Credential
$storeFronts                   = Get-Content "C:\scripts\logs\storefronts.txt"
$date                          = Get-Date -Format MMddyyyy
$sourceWorkspaceAppLocation    = "fileserver\HTML5Client\upgrade"
$targetFileName                = "CitrixHTML5Client-x64.exe"
$fileInfo                      = Get-FileMetaData "\\$sourceWorkspaceAppLocation\$targetFileName"
$pathToCheckStoreFront         = "C$\Program Files\Citrix\Receiver StoreFront\HTML5Client\"
[System.Version]$targetVersion =  $fileInfo.'File version'
$storeFrontDestinationLocation = "C$\software\html5"
$totalItems                    = $storeFronts.Count
$vCenterAddress                = "vCenter.fqdn"
$storeFrontUpgradeReport       = [PSCustomObject]@{}
$currentItem                   = 0
$percentComplete               = 0

if($global:defaultviserver -eq $null){

  Connect-VIServer $vcenter

}

foreach($store in $storeFronts){
  $storeFrontUpgradeReport | Add-Member -NotePropertyName "StoreFrontName" -NotePropertyValue "$store"
  Write-Progress -Activity "Checking StoreFront Server $store and upgrading if applicable" -Status "$percentComplete% Complete:" -PercentComplete $percentComplete
  if (!(Test-Path -Path "\\$store\$pathToCheckStoreFront")){

    Write-Host "Path not found on $store. HTML5 Client does not appear to be installed." -BackgroundColor Yellow -ForegroundColor Black
   
  }

  $html5Version = Invoke-Command -ComputerName $store -ScriptBlock {Get-Content 'C:\Program Files\Citrix\Receiver StoreFront\HTML5Client\SRI.js' | Select-String -Pattern "citrixHTML5Launcher\.([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)+)" | foreach {$_.Matches[0].Groups[1].Value} }
  [System.Version]$testVersion = $html5Version
  
  if($testVersion -lt $targetVersion){
      $storeFrontUpgradeReport | Add-Member -NotePropertyName "VersionBeforeUpgrade" -NotePropertyValue "$html5Version"
      Write-Host "Working on $store"
      if (!(Test-Path -Path \\$store\$storeFrontDestinationLocation)) {
        New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path \\$store\c$\software -Name html5
        Copy-Item "\\$sourceWorkspaceAppLocation\$targetFileName" -Destination \\$store\$storeFrontDestinationLocation -Force
        
      }
      else {
        Copy-Item "\\$sourceWorkspaceAppLocation\$targetFileName" -Destination \\$store\$storeFrontDestinationLocation -Force
    
      }    

      $shortName = $store.Split('.')[0]
      Get-VM $shortName | New-Snapshot -Name "$date-$shortName"

      $session       = New-PsSession -ComputerName $store -Credential $creds
      $remoteSession = Invoke-Command -ScriptBlock {Start-Process -FilePath "C:\software\html5\CitrixHTML5Client-x64.exe" -Verb RunAs} -Session $session
      Start-Sleep -Seconds 30
            
      $remoteSession2 = Invoke-Command -ComputerName $store -ScriptBlock {Get-Content 'C:\Program Files\Citrix\Receiver StoreFront\HTML5Client\SRI.js' | Select-String -Pattern "citrixHTML5Launcher\.([0-9]+(\.[0-9]+)+)" |foreach {$_.Matches[0].Groups[1].Value} }
      
      $storeFrontUpgradeReport | Add-Member -NotePropertyName "VersionAfterUpgrade" -NotePropertyValue "$remoteSession2"

      }
  
  $currentItem++
  $percentComplete = [int](($currentItem / $totalItems) * 100)
  Start-Sleep -Milliseconds 1000
  
 }
 Get-PSSession | Remove-PSSession

 $storeFrontUpgradeReport | Export-Csv -Path "C:\scripts\logs\storefront-HTML5-upgrade.csv" -Append -NoTypeInformation

Check That .NET And Install It!

Maybe you need to check the .NET version installed and if it is below a certain version, go install it. When upgrading to 2203LTSR VDA, you have to have 4.8 installed as a prerequisite. This will create a PSSession and remove it when it is done. In your upgrade.txt file, use the FQDN of the target machines. .NET installs seem to take a bit to complete, so be patient in it upgrading. Using the [System.Version] lets you compare major, minor, build, and revision so you can get more granular with checking versions in your test cases.

# Script to check if version is below 4.8 .NET and install 4.8 .NET if so. This requires running from an account that has admin on the destination and also a reboot to complete update.
# Tested on Server 2016 and 2019.
$dotNetSource  = "uncshare\DotNET-48"
$dotNetInstall = "ndp48-x86-x64-allos-enu.exe"
$machineList   = Get-Content "C:\scripts\logs\upgrade.txt"
$dest          = "c$\software\upgrade"
$creds         = Get-Credential

foreach($machine in $machineList){
  $dotnetTest                 = Invoke-Command -ComputerName $machine -ScriptBlock {Get-ChildItem 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP\v4\Client' | Get-ItemProperty -name Version}
  $dotnetVersion              = $dotnetTest.Version
  [System.Version]$testResult = $dotnetVersion
  
  if($testResult.Major -eq 4 -and $testResult.Minor -lt 8){

  
    Write-Host "Working on $machine"
    if (!(Test-Path -Path \\$machine\c$\software\upgrade)) {
        New-Item -ItemType Directory -Path \\$machine\c$\software -Name upgrade
        Copy-Item "\\$dotNetSource\$dotNetInstall" -Destination \\$machine\$dest -Force
        
    }
    else {
        Copy-Item "\\$dotNetSource\$dotNetInstall" -Destination \\$machine\$dest -Force
       
       }

    $session       = New-PsSession -ComputerName $machine -Credential $creds
    $remoteSession = Invoke-Command -ScriptBlock {Start-Process -FilePath "c:\software\upgrade\ndp48-x86-x64-allos-enu.exe" -ArgumentList @("/q")  -wait -Verb RunAs} -Session $session
  
    Remove-PSSession -Id $session.id
  
  }
 
 }


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